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This state in Northeast is ‘Seismically’ one of the 6 most Active Regions of the World
SHILLONG | Sept 24, 2019:
It is a known fact that the entire Northeastern region of India is highly vulnerable to earthquake besides other natural disasters. The region falls in Zone V in the seismic map of India.
According to a report on 'Child Centred Emergency Preparedness for Response', which was an outcome of the Northeast Regional Consultation held in Sikkim last year, it was reported that "Nagaland is seismically one of the six most active regions of the world" .
This report was distributed to the participating states — Meghalaya, Sikkim, Assam and Tripura during a two-day Regional Consultation on "Strengthening public health sector's emergency preparedness for response in the four states" at the State Convention Centre in Shillong here on September 24, 2019 .
Nagaland is placed in Zone V, in the seismic zonation map of India. All districts of the state lie in Zone V. It lies at the junction of Himalayan arc to the north and Burmese arc to the east and is vulnerable to earthquakes and frequent landslides.
According to ASC India, the largest Instrumented Earthquake in Nagaland was recorded on 26 August 1950 with a 7.0 magnitude on the Richter Scale.
DISASTERS IN NAGALAND
Urban population growth in Nagaland was recorded the highest in India between 2001 and 2011 at 67.38 percent compared to the all India decadal growth of 31.80 percent.
As per NCRB data, a total 27 people have died due to landslide in the state between 2001 and 2014 out of which one fifth are children below 14 years of age.
Since 94 percent area falls under hilly and rugged terrainwhich can experience landslides/landslips, habitations near hill slopes or atop unstable hills are more exposed to such hazards.
Study in Kohima indicated that 18 percent of the buildings are located within 1 meter range to one another means highly vulnerable to earthquake impacts.