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The CEOs of technology giants Facebook, Google, and Twitter are expected to testify for an October 28 Senate hearing on tech companies' control over hate speech and misinformation on their platforms.
The Senate Commerce Committee voted last week to authorize subpoenas for Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Sundar Pichai of Google, and Twitter's Jack Dorsey to force them to testify if they didn't agree to do so voluntarily.
The hearing must be constructive and focused on what matters most to the American people: how we work together to protect elections, Twitter said in a tweet in its policy channel.
The hearing will come less than a week before Election Day.
It marks a new bipartisan initiative against Big Tech companies, which have been under increasing scrutiny in Washington and from state attorney general over issues of competition, consumer privacy, and hate speech.
The executives' testimony is needed to reveal the extent of influence that their companies have over American speech during a critical time in our democratic process, said Sen. Roger Wicker, a Mississippi Republican who heads the Commerce Committee.
Facebook, meanwhile, is expanding restrictions on political advertising, including new bans on messages claiming widespread voter fraud.
Democrats, on the other hand, have focused their criticism on social media mainly on hate speech, misinformation, and other content that can incite violence or keep people from voting.
They have criticized Big Tech CEOs for failing to police content, homing in on the platforms' role in hate crimes, and the rise of white nationalism in the US.